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Common Acronyms
Definitions of Key Terms
Federal Legislation and Guidelines

Common Acronyms

AYP – Adequate Yearly Progress
CC – Community College
EDGAR – Education Department General Administrative Regulations
ESEA – Elementary and Secondary Education Act
GAAP – Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
GAO – Government Accountability Office
HEA – Higher Education Act
HQT – Highly Qualified Teacher
IHE – Institution of Higher Education
IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
ITQ – Improving Teacher Quality (grants program)
LEA – Local Education Agency
NCLB – No Child Left Behind Act (2001 reauthorization of ESEA)
NRG – Non-Regulatory Guidance (from the USDOE)
OMB – Office of Management and Budget (part of USDOE)
SAHE – State Agency of Higher Education (postsecondary)
SEA – State Education Agency (K-12)
SHEEO – State Higher Education Executive Officers
TQE – Teacher Quality Enhancement
USDOE – United States Department of Education

Definitions of Key Terms

Code of Federal Regulations (Title 34, Education)
A codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. (Title 34 contains the regulations that are published by the U.S. Department of Education.) See "Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR)."

Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR)
A book issued by the USDOE that reprints portions of Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations (parts 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 81, 82, 85, 86) containing the administrative requirements for grantees and sub-grantees. The regulations affecting grant programs funded by the USDOE are found in CFR Title 34, Education.

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
A technical term in accounting that encompasses the conventions, rules and procedures necessary to define accepted accounting practice at a particular time. The standard of "generally accepted accounting principles" includes not only broad guidelines of general application, but also detailed rules and procedures.

Local Education Agency (LEA)
A public board of education or other public authority legally constituted with a state for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary or secondary schools in a city, township, school district or other political subdivision of the state.

Monitoring
A method that the USDOE utilizes to ascertain the extent to which a grantee is complying with the provisions of the grant, and to determine the progress being made towards accomplishment of the goals, objectives, and activities in the approved grant application.

OMB (Office Of Management and Budget) Circulars
Federal guidance for the administration of grants, cost principles, and audit requirements. Federal regulations require that state departments of education treat federal and non-federal sources of funds in a consistent manner and in accordance with state law. To meet this requirement, the USDOE applies the provisions of the Federal OMB Circulars uniformly to all grantees, regardless of the source of funds.

Federal Legislation and Guidelines

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